Officers and Executive Committee Members

Harold Holzer, Chairman


Harold Holzer (, who served as Chairman of the Lincoln Bicentennial
Foundation and co-chair of the U. S. Lincoln Bicentennial Commission, has authored, co-
authored, and edited 53 books, including The Lincoln Image, Lincoln on Democracy, Lincoln:
President-Elect, and Lincoln: How Abraham Lincoln Ended Slavery in America, the official
young reader’s companion book to the Spielberg film Lincoln, for which Harold served as script
consultant. His more than 550 articles for popular and scholarly publications include regular
appearances in American Heritage, Civil War Times, and many others.  Holzer’s book Lincoln
at Cooper Union (2004), won a second-place Lincoln Prize and other awards. His 2014 book,
Lincoln and the Power of the Press, won the 2015 Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize and five
additional awards. His latest book is Monument Man: The Life and Art of Daniel Chester
French. A frequent guest on TV and a popular lecturer who has partnered with such actors as
Sam Waterston at venues including the White House, Harold earned a 2008 National Humanities
Medal from President Bush. Following 23 years as Senior Vice President of The Metropolitan
Museum of Art, he has serves since 2015 as Director of the Roosevelt House Public Policy
Institute at Hunter College. He served 23 years as the Forum’s founding Vice-Chairman. Harold
and his wife, Edith, live in Rye, NY. They have two grown daughters and two grandsons.

Jonathan W. White, Vice Chairman


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Jonathan W. White is professor of American Studies at Christopher Newport University and is the author or editor of 13 books, including Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War: The Trials of John Merryman (2011), and Emancipation, the Union Army, and the Reelection of Abraham Lincoln (2014), which was a finalist for both the Lincoln Prize and Jefferson Davis Prize, and winner of the Abraham Lincoln Institute’s 2015 book prize.  He has published more than 100 articles, essays, and reviews, and won the 2005 John T. Hubbell Prize for the best article in Civil War History, the 2010 Hay-Nicolay Dissertation Prize, and the 2012 Thomas Jefferson Prize for his Guide to Research in Federal Judicial History (2010). His most recent books include Midnight in America: Darkness, Sleep, and Dreams during the Civil War (2017) and “Our Little Monitor”: The Greatest Invention of the Civil War (2018), which he co-authored with Anna Gibson Holloway, To Address You As My Friend: African Americans’ Letters to Abraham Lincoln (2021), My Work Among the Freedmen: The Civil War and Reconstruction Letters of Harriet M. Buss (2021), and A House Built By Slaves: African American Visitors to the Lincoln White House (2022). Check out his website at or follow him on Twitter at @CivilWarJon

Michelle Krowl, Secretary


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Michelle A. Krowl is the Civil War and Reconstruction specialist in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress. She received a B.A. in History from the University of California, Riverside, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in History from the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of several articles and books on topics relating to the Civil War, as well as Quantico, Virginia and the World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C. She has worked as a library assistant at the Historical Society of Washington, D.C., an assistant professor at Northern Virginia Community College, and as a research assistant for historian Doris Kearns Goodwin.

Paul Ward, CPA, Treasurer


Paul Ward is a certified public accountant and certified elder law attorney who practices in Williamsburg, Virginia. A life member of the Lincoln Forum, Paul participates in his local civil war roundtable and other civil war history-related activities in Virginia and at Gettysburg. Prior to moving to Virginia, he practiced as a CPA and attorney in Indiana for many years. Paul is a retired Army National Guard finance officer and holds an MBA in finance from Indiana University. He lives in Williamsburg with his wife Deborah.

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Elaine Henderson, Administrator


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Elaine Henderson graduated from the University of Michigan Honors College with a B.A. in History and the prestigious Hopwood Award for nonfiction. For 22 years she was the Executive Editor of encyclopedias at Grolier, Inc., in Danbury, Connecticut. She currently operates the Lincoln Into Art gallery in Gettysburg, which she owns with artist Wendy Allen, her partner of 40 years. Meantime, she continues to edit books, among them Allen’s Lincoln Into Art: The First Thirty Years (1983-2013), with a foreword by The Lincoln Forum Chairman Harold Holzer (2013), and, most recently, Beauty in the Brokenness by Dr. Angela Marick (2018). She also edited three versions (of varying lengths) of the best-selling The Gettysburg Story: Battlefield Auto Tour, by Dr. Gabor Boritt and Jake Boritt and narrated by Stephen Lang. In 2020, she was named Commissioning Editor, History, Politics, and Society, with Ockham Press, Ltd.  In 2005, she joined the ranks of champions on the game show "Jeopardy!" She has been a proud member of The Lincoln Forum for more than 20 years.

Pat Dougal, Assistant Administrator


Longtime member and newly relocated Pennsylvania resident Patricia (“Pat”) Dougal has assumed the role of Assistant Administrator, working alongside Betty Anselmo. Baltimore native Pat, a graduate of the University of Maryland, served 20 years in the Navy Nurse Corps, where her tours included a stint on a hospital ship during the Vietnam War. Since retiring with the rank of Commander, Pat has been a health services consultant and a docent at Robert Todd Lincoln’s “Hildene,” where she first met Frank and Virginia Williams–who immediately recruited her as a Forum member.

Lieutenant General Christopher F. Burne, United States Air Force (retired), Executive Committee

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Lieutenant General Christopher F. Burne, United States Air Force (retired) was the 17th Judge Advocate General of the Air Force.  Following the lead of his father, a decorated World War II Eighth Air Force veteran, he served as an active duty military attorney for 35 years, ultimately earning the rank of 3-star general.  As the Air Force’s top uniformed lawyer, General Burne was the Legal Adviser to the Secretary of the Air Force and all officers and agencies of the Department of the Air Force.  He was responsible for the professional direction of 4,500 military and civilian attorneys and paralegals and administrative civilians.  His duties took him around the globe to 30 countries, in addition to the Pentagon, Capitol Hill, and the White House. He twice deployed to the Persian Gulf region in support of Operations Desert Storm and Southern Watch.  He was on duty in the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, during the terrorist attack, then served on the Crisis Action Team directing mobilization and response operations from the Pentagon’s underground control center.  General Burne is a two-time recipient of the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal.

A native of Dunmore, PA, General Burne is a magna cum laude graduate of the University of Scranton.  He received his Juris Doctor in 1983 from The Dickinson School of Law and holds a master’s degree in National Security Strategy from the National War College in Washington, D.C.  He is admitted to practice law before the United States Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, and the District of Columbia Court of Appeals.  General Burne is now the President of Charged With Excellence, a limited liability company he founded for leadership consulting and public speaking.  He resides in Gettysburg with his wife, Colonel (retired) Robin Pond Burne, from Petersburg, Virginia. 

Tom Horrocks, Executive Committee


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Thomas A. Horrocks is an independent scholar. He holds a Ph.D. in history from the University of Pennsylvania, and spent 30 years working as a library administrator, including positions as Director of the Center for the History of Medicine at the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Librarian for Collections at Houghton Library, Harvard University; and Director of the John Hay Library at Brown University.  In addition to his library management career, Dr. Horrocks has taught at Harvard Extension School and has published numerous articles and books on American political history, with emphasis on Abraham Lincoln and his time.  He has authored, edited, and co-edited eight books, including four on Lincoln, Harvard’s Lincoln (2010), The Living Lincoln, co-edited with Harold Holzer and Frank J. Williams (2011); Lincoln’s Campaign Biographies (2014), and most recently, The Annotated Lincoln, co-edited with Harold Holzer and published by Harvard University Press in 2016.

John F. Marszalek, Executive Committee


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John F. Marszalek is Executive Director of the Ulysses S. Grant Presidential Library at Mississippi State University and editor of the Papers of Ulysses S. Grant. Marszalek's latest work is an edited version of Grant's Memoirs.

Edna Greene Medford, Executive Committee


Edna Greene Medford is a professor of history and chairperson of the department of history at Howard University in Washington, DC. She teaches graduate courses in Civil War and Reconstruction and Jacksonian America, along with survey courses in African American history. She is the co-author of the book, The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views, and has authored more than two dozen book chapters and articles on Lincoln, African Americans, and wartime policies. She has appeared regularly on C-SPAN and has been featured in documentaries on the History Channel and in independent productions,  as well as in videos on Lincoln,  the Civil War, and emancipation produced by the Smithsonian. She is the 2013 recipient of the Professor of the Year Award from the Howard University Student Association, and the Graduate Professor of the Year Award (Howard University Graduate Student Assembly) in 2006. Her latest book is Lincoln and Emancipation.

Craig L. Symonds, Executive Committee


Craig L. Symonds, professor of history emeritus at the U.S. Naval Academy was, until recently, the chief historian of the U.S.S. Monitor Center at the Mariners’ Museum in Newport News, Virginia.  He is the author of Lincoln and His Admirals, which won the 2009 Lincoln Prize, the culmination of three decades of study of the Civil War navies and the Union’s admiral-in-chief. His previous books include biographies of Joseph E. Johnston and Patrick Cleburne, and the American Heritage history of the Battle of Gettysburg along with a book about the Battle of Midway.  Symonds won the Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt award for best book on naval history for his Decision at Sea: Five Naval Battles that Shaped American History and later published Neptune: The Allied Invasion of Europe and the D-Day Landings.  His most recent book is The U.S. Navy: A Concise History, and he is working on a new study about the U. S. Navy in World War II.




Frank J. Williams, Chairman Emeritus


Frank J. Williams, Founding Chairman of the Lincoln Forum, is Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court (Ret.), and one of the nation’s most prominent authorities, collectors, and leaders in the Lincoln field. He served for 12 years as president of the Lincoln Group of Boston, for nine as president of the Abraham Lincoln Association, and has been chairman of the Forum since its inception, all while working as well as president of the Ulysses S. Grant Association. The author or editor of more than a dozen books, he is also a popular lecturer whose papers have appeared in several books,  including We Cannot Escape History and The Lincoln Forum series.  Williams co-edited Abraham Lincoln: Sources and Style of Leadership and Abraham Lincoln: Contemporary, and with Harold Holzer, authored Lincolns Deathbed in Art and, Memory: The Rubber Room Phenomenon. In addition to Judging Lincoln, a collection of his essays, and The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views (co-authored with Harold Holzer and Edna Greene Medford.) Williams most recently co-edited The Mary Lincoln Enigma and authored Lincoln as Hero in the SIU Press “Concise Lincoln” Series. A former member of the U.S. Lincoln Bicentennial Commission and its successor organization, The Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation, he lives with his wife Virginia in Hope Valley, RI.