Harold Holzer, Chairman
Harold Holzer (www.haroldholzer.com), who served as Chairman of the Lincoln Bicentennial
Foundation and co-chair of the U. S. Lincoln Bicentennial Commission, has authored, co-
authored, and edited 53 books, including The Lincoln Image, Lincoln on Democracy, Lincoln:
President-Elect, and Lincoln: How Abraham Lincoln Ended Slavery in America, the official
young reader’s companion book to the Spielberg film Lincoln, for which Harold served as script
consultant. His more than 550 articles for popular and scholarly publications include regular
appearances in American Heritage, Civil War Times, and many others. Holzer’s book Lincoln
at Cooper Union (2004), won a second-place Lincoln Prize and other awards. His 2014 book,
Lincoln and the Power of the Press, won the 2015 Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize and five
additional awards. His latest book is Monument Man: The Life and Art of Daniel Chester
French. A frequent guest on TV and a popular lecturer who has partnered with such actors as
Sam Waterston at venues including the White House, Harold earned a 2008 National Humanities
Medal from President Bush. Following 23 years as Senior Vice President of The Metropolitan
Museum of Art, he has serves since 2015 as Director of the Roosevelt House Public Policy
Institute at Hunter College. He served 23 years as the Forum’s founding Vice Chairman. Harold
and Edith, his wife of 47 years, live in Rye, NY. They have two grown daughters and two
Jonathan W. White, Vice Chairman
Jonathan W. White is associate professor of American Studies at Christopher Newport University and is the author or editor of eight books, including Abraham Lincoln and Treason in the Civil War: The Trials of John Merryman (2011), and Emancipation, the Union Army, and the Reelection of Abraham Lincoln (2014), which was a finalist for both the Lincoln Prize and Jefferson Davis Prize, and winner of the Abraham Lincoln Institute’s 2015 book prize. He has published more than 100 articles, essays, and reviews, and won the 2005 John T. Hubbell Prize for the best article in Civil War History, the 2010 Hay-Nicolay Dissertation Prize, and the 2012 Thomas Jefferson Prize for his Guide to Research in Federal Judicial History (2010). In addition to serving as vice chairman of the Forum, he is president of the Abraham Lincoln Institute, and sits on the boards of the Abraham Lincoln Association and the John L. Nau III Center for Civil War History at the University of Virginia. He also serves on the Ford’s Theatre Advisory Council, and the editorial board of the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. His most recent books include Midnight in America: Darkness, Sleep, and Dreams during the Civil War (2017) and “Our Little Monitor”: The Greatest Invention of the Civil War (2018), which he co-authored with Anna Gibson Holloway. Check out his website at or follow him on Twitter at @CivilWarJon
Michelle Krowl, Secretary
Michelle A. Krowl is the Civil War and Reconstruction specialist in the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress. She received a B.A. in History from the University of California, Riverside, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in History from the University of California, Berkeley. She is the author of several articles and books on topics relating to the Civil War, as well as Quantico, Virginia and the World War II Memorial in Washington, D.C. She has worked as a library assistant at the Historical Society of Washington, D.C., an assistant professor at Northern Virginia Community College, and as a research assistant for historian Doris Kearns Goodwin.
Henry F. Ballone, Treasurer
After longtime service as volunteer “official photojournalist” of the Lincoln Forum (and many other related organizations and events—the results of which are all posted on his website, www.civilwarnut.com), Hank now serves as Treasurer and graphic designer of the Lincoln Forum Bulletin, Advisory Board member, and as a lifetime member since 2002. Hank is a retired businessman (his company made film for printers) who has also served as president of the Lincoln Group of New York and member of the New Jersey Civil War 150th Anniversary Committee, for which he designed several books about the Garden State’s role in the war. Hank, who lives in Saddle Brook with Eileen, his wife of 47 years, was an officer in the 104th Engineer Battalion, New Jersey Army National Guard.
Elaine Henderson, Administrator
Elaine Henderson graduated from the University of Michigan Honors College with a B.A. in History and the prestigious Hopwood Award for nonfiction. For 22 years she was the Executive Editor of encyclopedias at Grolier, Inc., in Danbury, Connecticut. She currently operates the Lincoln Into Art gallery in Gettysburg, which she owns with artist Wendy Allen, her partner of nearly 40 years. Meantime, she continues to edit books, among them Allen’s Lincoln Into Art: The First Thirty Years (1983-2013), with a foreword by The Lincoln Forum Chairman Harold Holzer (2013), and, most recently, Beauty in the Brokenness by Dr. Angela Marick (2018). She also edited three versions (of varying lengths) of the best-selling The Gettysburg Story: Battlefield Auto Tour, by Dr. Gabor Boritt and Jake Boritt and narrated by Stephen Lang. In 2005, she joined the ranks of champions on the game show Jeopardy! She has been a proud member of The Lincoln Forum for nearly 20 years.
Pat Dougal, Assistant Administrator
Longtime member and newly relocated Pennsylvania resident Patricia (“Pat”) Dougal has assumed the role of Assistant Administrator, working alongside Betty Anselmo. Baltimore native Pat, a graduate of the University of Maryland, served 20 years in the Navy Nurse Corps, where her tours included a stint on a hospital ship during the Vietnam War. Since retiring with the rank of Commander, Pat has been a health services consultant and a docent at Robert Todd Lincoln’s “Hildene,” where she first met Frank and Virginia Williams–who immediately recruited her as a Forum member.
George Buss serves AVID schools in Illinois and Iowa in his current role as Program Manager for AVID (Advancement Via Individual Determination). His work with students in Freeport District 145 is recognized by the Illinois State Board of Education, Illinois House of Representatives and the Illinois Education Association. He was also named an Outstanding Young Educator by the Freeport Jaycees and is featured in AVID: 25 years–25 Stories. For nearly a quarter century George has been interpreting Abraham Lincoln, appearing nationally. His work has been seen on C-SPAN, The Illinois Channel and local cable affiliates and was featured in Smithsonian Magazine. George is president of the Stephen Douglas Association, vice president of the Lincoln-Douglas Society, and board member of the Lincoln Fellowship of Wisconsin. He is also curator of the exhibit Out from the Shadow of Lincoln: Stephen A. Douglas, from his own collection of Douglas images, artifacts, and primary source documents. The exhibit continues touring the Midwest since its debut in 2008. Buss is also an expert on Stephen Douglas art and iconography. He has degrees from Ball State University and National-Louis University. He and his wife Mona reside in Freeport, IL, and are the parents of two sons, Jordan, serving in the United States Navy, and Jason, a senior at Western Illinois University.
George Buss, Executive Committee
Tom Horrocks, Executive Committee
Thomas A. Horrocks is an independent scholar. He holds a Ph.D. in history from the University of Pennsylvania, and spent 30 years working as a library administrator, including positions as Director of the Center for the History of Medicine at the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Librarian for Collections at Houghton Library, Harvard University; and Director of the John Hay Library at Brown University. In addition to his library management career, Dr. Horrocks has taught at Harvard Extension School and has published numerous articles and books on American political history, with emphasis on Abraham Lincoln and his time. He has authored, edited, and co-edited eight books, including four on Lincoln, Harvard’s Lincoln (2010), The Living Lincoln, co-edited with Harold Holzer and Frank J. Williams (2011); Lincoln’s Campaign Biographies (2014), and most recently, The Annotated Lincoln, co-edited with Harold Holzer and published by Harvard University Press in 2016.
Edna Greene Medford, Executive Committee
Edna Greene Medford is a professor of history and chairperson of the department of history at Howard University in Washington, DC. She teaches graduate courses in Civil War and Reconstruction and Jacksonian America, along with survey courses in African American history. She is the co-author of the book, The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views, and has authored more than two dozen book chapters and articles on Lincoln, African Americans, and wartime policies. She has appeared regularly on C-SPAN and has been featured in documentaries on the History Channel and in independent productions, as well as in videos on Lincoln, the Civil War, and emancipation produced by the Smithsonian. She is the 2013 recipient of the Professor of the Year Award from the Howard University Student Association, and the Graduate Professor of the Year Award (Howard University Graduate Student Assembly) in 2006. Her latest book is Lincoln and Emancipation.
Craig L. Symonds, Executive Committee
Craig L. Symonds, professor of history emeritus at the U.S. Naval Academy was, until recently, the chief historian of the U.S.S. Monitor Center at the Mariners’ Museum in Newport News, Virginia. He is the author of Lincoln and His Admirals, which won the 2009 Lincoln Prize, the culmination of three decades of study of the Civil War navies and the Union’s admiral-in-chief. His previous books include biographies of Joseph E. Johnston and Patrick Cleburne, and the American Heritage history of the Battle of Gettysburg along with a book about the Battle of Midway. Symonds won the Theodore and Franklin Roosevelt award for best book on naval history for his Decision at Sea: Five Naval Battles that Shaped American History and later published Neptune: The Allied Invasion of Europe and the D-Day Landings. His most recent book is The U.S. Navy: A Concise History, and he is working on a new study about the U. S. Navy in World War II.
Frank J. Williams, Chairman Emeritus
Frank J. Williams, Founding Chairman of the Lincoln Forum, is Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court (Ret.), and one of the nation’s most prominent authorities, collectors, and leaders in the Lincoln field. He served for 12 years as president of the Lincoln Group of Boston, for nine as president of the Abraham Lincoln Association, and has been chairman of the Forum since its inception, all while working as well as president of the Ulysses S. Grant Association. The author or editor of more than a dozen books, he is also a popular lecturer whose papers have appeared in several books, including We Cannot Escape History and The Lincoln Forum series. Williams co-edited Abraham Lincoln: Sources and Style of Leadership and Abraham Lincoln: Contemporary, and with Harold Holzer, authored Lincoln’s Deathbed in Art and, Memory: The “Rubber Room” Phenomenon. In addition to Judging Lincoln, a collection of his essays, and The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views (co-authored with Harold Holzer and Edna Greene Medford.) Williams most recently co-edited The Mary Lincoln Enigma and authored Lincoln as Hero in the SIU Press “Concise Lincoln” Series. A former member of the U.S. Lincoln Bicentennial Commission and its successor organization, The Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation, he lives with his wife Virginia in Hope Valley, RI.